Radiological and functional pulmonary complications in patients recovered from COVID-19




COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, lung effect, respiratory function test


Background: The COVID-19 disease caused by the new severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which appeared at the end of 2019 in Hubei Province, Wuhan Region of the People's Republic of China. Objective: To determine radiological and functional pulmonary complications in patients recovered from COVID-19. Methods: We included observational studies, studies of radiological and functional pulmonary complications related to COVID-19 in patients discharged from hospital, studies of available text and studies in English and Spanish. A formal narrative synthesis of the collected data was carried out; no formal statistical synthesis was carried out. The synthesis focused on qualitative analysis. The methodological quality of the articles was assessed using the quality assessment tools of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Results: In this systematic review it was observed that the functional pulmonary complications that the patients manifested were: 45.05 % of impaired diffusion capacity (DLCO), 30.1 % of restrictive pattern (FEV1) and 20.4 % of obstructive pattern (FEV1/FVC). Radiological complications were: 59.7% ground-glass opacity (GGO), 18.75% consolidation, 9.3% bronchiectasis, 6% thickening of the underlying pleura, 3.9% thickening of the interlobular septum, 3.83% crazy-paving and 0.96% pleural effusion. Conclusion: This review concludes that post-COVID-19 infection patients showed impaired lung and radiological functions, with DLCO and GGO being the most important.



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How to Cite

Mejía-Zambrano, H. (2021). Radiological and functional pulmonary complications in patients recovered from COVID-19. Microbes, Infection and Chemotherapy, 1, e1217.