HIV-1 subtypes and profiles of resistance to protease inhibitors in the Marajo Archipelago (Brazilian Amazon region)
Keywords:HIV-1, subtypes, mutation, resistance, Marajo Island
The Marajo Archipelago, located in the rural area of the state of Para (Amazon region of Brazil), is the region with the lowest index of human development in the country, presenting poor health services, which makes adequate epidemiological surveillance of HIV-1 infection difficult. After a serological screening enrolling 1,877 samples, three samples were diagnosed with HIV-1 and the pro gene was sequenced to evaluate the presence of resistance mutations to protease inhibitors. Molecular analyses revealed, for the first time in the region of Marajo Island, the occurrence of HIV-1 subtypes B and D, as well as the presence of transmitted high and intermediate protease inhibitors resistance mutations. The results emphasize the importance of ongoing molecular epidemiological surveillance studies in the Brazilian Amazon region because antiretroviral (ARV) resistance mutations may limit treatment options, and the presence of certain subtypes seems to influence the progression to AIDS, particularly in areas where the entry and spread of the virus can be facilitated by socio-demographic problems that expose the population to sexually transmitted infections.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Mike Batista dos Santos, Samantha Assis Assis-Aguiar, Samara T. Monteiro-Gomes, Maria A. Freitas-Queiroz, Felipe Bonfim-Freitas, Izaura M. V. Cayres-Vallinoto, Marluísa O. Guimarães-Ishak, Ricardo Ishak, Antonio C. Rosario-Vallinoto
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