Acne in medical students and their associated factors

  • Cesar Flores-Rojas Hospital Sergio E. Bernales. Lima, Perú https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4449-6058
  • Syntia Cabello-Carlos Hospital Sergio E. Bernales. Lima, Perú
  • Patricia K. Paucar-Lescano Hospital II EsSalud. Huánuco, Perú
Keywords: Acne, diet, anxiety, body mass index, vitamin B, family history

Abstract

Introduction: Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the multifactorial pilosebaceous unit present in the face, back and chest. In this study we wanted to know what was the frequency and the factors associated with the presence of acne in medical students.

Materials and Methods: A case-control study was carried out in students from 1st to 5th year in School of Medicine of the Universidad Nacional Hermilio Valdizán. A 95% CI with an alpha of 0.05 and a power of 80% with a beta equal to 0.20 were considered.

Results: The mean age was 22.31 + 3.22 years. Fruit consumption obtained significance (p = 0.04; OR = 6.09) as a protective factor. Anxiety was not significant (p = 0.59; OR = 1.34), as well as nutritional status (p = 0.57; OR = 1.14) and consumption of vitamin B supplement (p = 0.35 ; OR = 0.56). Significance was found in biological inheritance (p = 0.01; OR = 3.74 with lower range = 10.61 and higher range = 1.31).

Conclusions: Frequent consumption of fruits proved to act as a protective factor in the development of acne; In addition, it is also concluded that biological inheritance plays an important role in it.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Pozo T. Protocolo del acné. Adolescere. 2014; 2(3):30-6.

Galderma Media Center. Acné vulgar: incidencia, impacto emocional y tratamiento. 2014; disponible en: http://www.epresspack.net/galderma-resistencia-a-antibioticos-y-el-acne/static/specific/El%20acn%C3%A9%20com%C3%BAn-%20incidencia,%20impacto%20emocional%20y%20tratamiento.pdf

Saint-Jean M, Dreno B. Acné. EMC - Dermatología 2016; 50(4):1-14.

Sánchez-Saldaña L. El acné. Dermatol PERU 2012; 22(2):82-3.

Hospital II EsSalud. Departamento de Estadística. Prevalencia de enfermedades dermatológicas. Huánuco; 2018.

Barmaimon E. Libro con tipos de dietas y alimentación según: salud, enfermedad, y patología. 1ra. edición virtual. Montevideo: Biblioteca Virtual de Salud del S.M.U.; 2017.

Sierra J, Ortega V, Zubeidat I. Ansiedad, angustia y estrés: tres conceptos a diferenciar. Revista Mal-estar E Subjetividade. 2003; 3(1):10 – 59.

Balta I, Ozuguz P. Vitamin B12-induced acneiform eruption. Cutan Ocul Toxicol. 2013. 1 – 2.

Martínez de Espronceda Ezquerro I, Oscoz JaimeS, Yanguas Bayona JI. Acné inducido por vitamina B12. Med Clin (Barc). 2018.

Saint-Jean M, Dreno B. Acné. EMC - Dermatología 2016; 50(4):1-14.

Dennis R. Cómo estimar el tamaño de la muestra en investigaciones con humanos.Acta Med Colomb.1989;14(2):92-9.

Juhl CR, Bergholdt HKM, Miller IM, Jemec GBE, Kanters JK, Ellervik C. Lactase Persistence, Milk Intake, and Adult Acne: A Mendelian Randomization Study of 20,416 Danish Adults. Nutrients. 2018;10(8):1041.

Stela Mariana Al Hussein et al. Diet, Smoking and Family History as Potential Risk Factors in Acne Vulgaris – a Community-Based Study. Acta Medica Marisiensis 2016;62(2):173-181

Juhl CR, Bergholdt HKM, Miller IM, Jemec GBE, Kanters JK, Ellervik C. Dairy Intake and Acne Vulgaris: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 78,529 Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults. Nutrients. 2018;10(8):1049.

Kucharska A, Szmurło A, Sińska B. Significance of diet in treated and untreated acne vulgaris. Postepy Dermatol Alergol. 2016;33(2):81-6.

Burris J, Rietkerk W, Shikany JM, Woolf K. Differences in Dietary Glycemic Load and Hormones in New York City Adults with No and Moderate/Severe Acne. Send to J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017;117(9):1375-83

Romańska-Gocka K, Woźniak M, Kaczmarek-Skamira E, Zegarska B. The possible role of diet in the pathogenesis of adult female acne. Postepy Dermatol Alergol. 2016;33(6):416-20.

Lucía Campos‐Muñoz MD, Diego López‐De Lara PhD, Marina L. Rodríguez‐ Rojo MD Alberto Conde‐Taboada PhD, Eduardo López‐Bran PhD. Transgender adolescents and acne: A cases series, Pediatric Dermatology. 2018; 35 (3): 155‐8.

Andac Salman Emel Kurt Volkan Topcuoglu Zeynep Demircay. Social Anxiety and Quality of Life in Vitiligo and Acne Patients with Facial Involvement: A Cross-Sectional Controlled Study. 2016; 17(3) :305-11.

Nguyen CM, Beroukhim K, Danesh MJ, Babikian A, Koo J, Leon A. The psychosocial impact of acne, vitiligo, and psoriasis: a review. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2016; 9:383-92.

Qiang Ju, Tao Tao, Tingting Hu, Ayşe Serap Karadağ, Safaa Al-Khuzaei and WenChieh Chen, Sex hormones and acné. Clinics in Dermatology, 2016; 35(2): 130-7.

Caroline L.LaRosaMD et al. Consumption of dairy in teenagers with and without acné. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2016; 75 (2): 318-22

Agüero de Zaputovich F, Samudio M. Características clínicas y epidemiológicas de pacientes que consultan por acné. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud. 2015; 13(1): 7-16.

Nazarali S, Kuzel P. Vitamin B Derivative (Nicotinamide)Appears to Reduce Skin Cancer Risk. Skin Therapy Lett. 2017;22(5):1-4.

Veraldi S, Benardon S, Diani M1, Barbareschi M1. Acneiform eruptions caused by vitamin B12: A report of five cases and review of the literature. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2018;17(1):112-5.

Dezhi Kang, Baochen Shi, Marie C. Erfe, Noah Craft, and Huiying Li.Vitamin B12 modulates the transcriptome of the skin microbiota in acne pathogenesis. Sci Transl Med. 2015; 7(293): 293ra103.

Brescoll J, Daveluy S. A review of vitamin B12 in dermatology. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2015;16(1):27-33.

Vilar Gustavo Nunes, Santos Laís Araújo dos, Sobral Filho Jader Freire. Quality of life, self-esteem and psychosocial factors in adolescents with acne vulgaris. An. Bras. Dermatol. 2015; 90(5): 622-9.

P. Wolkenstein, A. Machovcová, J. C. Szepietowski, D. Tennstedt, S. Veraldi, A. Delarue. Acne prevalence and associations with lifestyle: a cross-sectional online survey of adolescents/young adults in 7 European countries. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2018; 32(2):298-306.

Published
2020-01-08
How to Cite
1.
Flores-Rojas C, Cabello-Carlos S, Paucar-Lescano P. Acne in medical students and their associated factors. Rev Peru Investig Salud [Internet]. 8Jan.2020 [cited 27Sep.2020];4(1):17-3. Available from: http://revistas.unheval.edu.pe/index.php/repis/article/view/607
Section
Artículos originales