Características microbiológicas de infecciones en pacientes pediátricos con cáncer del eje cafetero colombiano, 2014-2016

Autores/as

  • Mariana Blanco-Betancur Grupo de Investigación Epidemiología, Salud y Violencia. Departamento de Medicina Comunitaria, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira. Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia.
  • José W. Martínez Grupo de Investigación Epidemiología, Salud y Violencia. Departamento de Medicina Comunitaria, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira. Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia
  • Daniela M. Patiño-Galarza Departamento de Pediatría, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Cauca. Popayán, Cauca, Colombia.
  • Laura K. Gil-Lopez Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Libre, seccional Pereira.
  • Nasly J. Ochoa-Zapata Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Libre, seccional Pereira.
  • Jorge A. Sánchez-Duque Grupo de Investigación Salud, Familia y Sociedad. Departamento de Medicina Social y Salud Familiar, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Cauca. Popayán, Cauca, Colombia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8913-7729

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35839/repis.6.3.1456

Palabras clave:

neoplasms, nosocomial infection, pediatrics, cancer care facilities, antibiotics

Resumen

Objective: To describe microbiological characteristics of infections in pediatric patients with cancer in a reference center of the Colombian coffee region, 2014-2016. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional, descriptive study including underaged oncological inpatients managed in a reference institution in Colombia; who have been dated an infection with a subsequent antibiogram done. The collection sheet validated by experts is reported through WHONET 5.6. Descriptive statistical analyzes were performed with STATA 14.2, official version. Results. 2691 cultures from 596 patients were included. 53.86% were male, the mean age was 8.86 years. 76.89% of the cultures were performed in the hospitalization area. 74.36% of the cultures were blood, with 22.04% positive reports. The second sample with the highest number of cultures was urine with 16.16%, with 25.75% positive cultures. The highest percentage of positive cultures was for feces and biopsies with 71.21% and 53.13%, respectively. An overall positivity rate of 25.75% was presented. The three main microorganisms isolated were Gram negative. The most isolated microorganisms were K. pneumoniae (24.4%), E. coli (21.06%) and P. aeruginosa (17.46%). Conclusion. Infection pattern similar to the one reported in adults, being the Gram-negatives the most prevalent agents. We recommend establishing antibiotic dispensing policies thus achieving microbiological risk control and improving epidemiological surveillance.

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Citas

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Publicado

2022-07-30

Cómo citar

1.
Blanco-Betancur M, Martínez JW, Patiño-Galarza DM, Gil-Lopez LK, Ochoa-Zapata NJ, Sánchez-Duque JA. Características microbiológicas de infecciones en pacientes pediátricos con cáncer del eje cafetero colombiano, 2014-2016. Rev Peru Investig Salud [Internet]. 30 de julio de 2022 [citado 6 de diciembre de 2022];6(3):135-40. Disponible en: https://revistas.unheval.edu.pe/index.php/repis/article/view/1456

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