Contaminación sonora en la ciudad de Barranca-Lima-Perú

Palabras clave: nivel de ruido, contaminación ambiental, medidor del nivel de sonido, riesgo a la salud

Resumen

Diversas publicaciones, reportan efectos dañinos por contaminación sonora siendo de importancia médica y social; que provocan en las personas efectos como estrés, ansiedad, problemas cardiovasculares, deterioro cognitivo y disminucion del estado fisico entre otros. El objetivo de la investigación fue monitorear el sonido in situ en la ciudad de Barranca, Lima – Perú e identificar los decibeles al cual estarían sometidos algunas zonas de protección especial y comercial. El registro de sonido se realizó con un sonometro, en los frontis de instituciones educativas, centros de salud, y zonas comerciales. Los resultados mostraron que el nivel sonoro superó el límite máximo tolerable de 50 dB establecido en el Decreto Supremo Nº 085-2003-PCM, en las zonas de protección especial como el Colegio Ventura Ccalamaqui y Hospital de Barranca Cajatambo y zonas mixtas como mercado y centro comercial. En conclusión, la contaminación sonora en las zonas evaluadas en la ciudad de Barranca, supera los límites máximos establecidos, obteniéndose máximos de 79,32±2,07 dB, sobre todo el primer día laborable en inicio de semana; los altos niveles sonoros provocarían consecuencias negativas en la salud.

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Publicado
2020-10-31
Cómo citar
Lira-Camargo, Z., Alfaro-Cruz, S., & Villanueva-Tiburcio, J. (2020). Contaminación sonora en la ciudad de Barranca-Lima-Perú. Investigación Valdizana, 14(4), 213-219. https://doi.org/10.33554/riv.14.4.744
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