Therapeutic adherence in adults with type 2 diabetes in a chronic disease program. Huánuco 2017

  • Giannina Acuña-Carbajal Universidad Nacional Hermilio Valdizán, Huánuco, Perú
  • Carlos A. Huamancayo-Inga Universidad Nacional Hermilio Valdizán, Huánuco, Perú
  • German Guisasola Hospital II EsSalud – Huánuco https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3695-0492
Keywords: adherence to treatment, type 2 diabetes, family dysfunction, knowledge

Abstract

Objective: To assess whether knowledge about Diabetes Mellitus (DM), family functionality and depression are associated with Therapeutic Adherence in adults with type 2 DM.

Methods: Analytical study of cross section. It was carried out in the diabetes program of CAP-UNHEVAL of Hospital II Essalud. Participants: patients with type 2 DM. Interventions: According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Validated collection instruments were used, interviewed for two months. The descriptive analysis was carried out; for inferential analysis: Chi2 test with 95% significance. The statistical package SPSS and Microsoft Excel was used.

Results. The average age: 61.95 years, most frequent diseases: dyslipidemia (23.8%) and hypertension (43.6%). Knowledge about DM2 was not acceptable (86%), 95.9% with poor family function and 90.2% with depression were obtained. Variables associated with poor adherence to diabetic treatment were: family dysfunction [p = 0.00; RP = 26.18; CI: 95% (8.71 - 78.64)], unacceptable knowledge on DM2 [p = 0.00; RP= 23.57; 95% CI (8.54-65.06)] and depression [p = 0.00; RP= 6.81; 95% CI (3.00 - 15.45)].

Conclusions: Poor adherence to treatment is influenced by family dysfunction, poor knowledge about diabetes and depression.

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Published
2019-10-17
How to Cite
1.
Acuña-Carbajal G, Huamancayo-Inga C, Guisasola G. Therapeutic adherence in adults with type 2 diabetes in a chronic disease program. Huánuco 2017. Rev. Peru. Investig. Salud. [Internet]. 17Oct.2019 [cited 12Aug.2020];3(4):174-9. Available from: http://revistas.unheval.edu.pe/index.php/repis/article/view/499
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