Couples violence among teenagers students from public high schools of North Lima

  • Cristian N. Gonzalez-Cordero Universidad de Ciencias y Humanidades
  • Walter Cervera-Flores Universidad de Ciencias y Humanidades
  • Vanessa Alvarado-Ríos Universidad de Ciencias y Humanidades
  • Amancio Izquierdo-Príncipe Universidad de Ciencias y Humanidades
  • Walter Neyra Universidad de Ciencias y Humanidades
  • Juan Morales Universidad de Ciencias y Humanidades https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4837-2079
Keywords: Intimate Partner Violence, Adolescent, Peru

Abstract

Objective: Determine the frequency of partner violence among teenager students of state high schools in a district of North Lima. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in five state high schools at Puente Piedra district. The instrument used was the Conflict Questionnaire in teenager relationships (CQTR). Results: Of the 208 teenagers (Mean = 15.48, SD = 0.99, Range: 14 to 18), 59.6% (n = 124) corresponded to the male sex and the female, most of them were from the third and fourth year. Almost all the teenagers have committed or suffered some type of violence; emotional verbal violence was the most frequent in both groups. The violence committed, in its relational violence dimension, occurred in a greater proportion in male teenagers [p = 0.045; OR = 2.52 (95% CI: 1.01-6.33)]. Violence committed in the threat dimension also occurred in a greater proportion in males [p = 0.002; OR = 8.15 (95% CI: 1.71-38.87)]. The violence suffered, in the verbal emotional dimension, threat and physical violence was presented in greater proportion in male teenagers, whit significant differences in verbal violence [p = 0.04; OR = 2.45 (1.99-3.02)], threat [p = 0.001; OR = 14.55 (95% CI: 1.78-118.58)] and in physical violence [p = 0.009; OR = 4.46 (95% CI: 1.34-14.86)]. Conclusion: The violence committed and suffered in teenager couples is frequent and occurs mainly in males, the emotional verbal component and the threat predominated. It is recommended to strengthen the work of both the education and health sector to contribute to the reduction of violence.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

World Health Organization. Violence against women [Internet]. 2017. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/violence-against-women

Bott S, Guedes A, Ruiz-Celis AP, Mendoza JA. Intimate partner violence in the Americas: a systematic review and reanalysis of national prevalence estimates. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2019;4 3: e26.

Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. Perú: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2017. Nacional y Departamental [Internet]. Lima - Perú: INEI; 2018. Available from: https://www.inei.gob.pe/media/MenuRecursivo/publicaciones_digitales/Est/Lib1525/index.html

Kann L, McManus T, Harris WA, Shanklin SL, Flint KH, Queen B. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance - United States, 2017. MMWR Surveill Summ [Internet]. 2018;67(8). Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/pdf/2017/ss6708.pdf

Mason-Jones AJ, De Koker P, Eggers SM, Mathews C, Temmerman M, Leye E, et al. Intimate partner violence in early adolescence: The role of gender, socioeconomic factors and the school. South African Med J. 2016;106(5):502–9.

Vagi KJ, Rothman E, Latzman NE, Tharp AT, Hall DM, Breiding MJ. Beyond Correlates: A Review of Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent Dating Violence Perpetration. J Youth Adolesc. 2013;42(4):633–49.

Johnson RM, Parker EM, Rinehart J, Nail J, Rothman EF. Neighborhood Factors and Dating Violence Among Youth: A Systematic Review. Am J Prev Med [Internet]. 2015;49(3):458–66. Available from: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.05.020

Johnson RM, LaValley M, Schneider KE, Musci RJ, Pettoruto K, Rothman EF. Marijuana use and physical dating violence among adolescents and emerging adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017;174(May 01):47–57.

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Division of Violence Prevention. Preventing Teen Dating Violence [Internet]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/intimatepartnerviolence/teendatingviolence/fastfact.html

Rubio-Garay F, Carrasco MÁ, Amor PJ, López-González MA. Factores asociados a la violencia en el noviazgo entre adolescentes: una revisión crítica. Anu Psicol Jurídica. 2015; 25: 47–56.

Randle AA, Graham CA. A Review of the Evidence on the Effects of Intimate Partner Violence on Men. Psychol Men Masculinity. 2011;12(2):97–111.

Devries KM, Mak JY, Bacchus LJ, Child JC, Falder G, Petzold M, et al. Intimate Partner Violence and Incident Depressive Symptoms and Suicide Attempts: A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies. PLoS Med. 2013;10(5).

Campbell JC. Health consequences of intimate partner violence. Lancet [Internet]. 2002;359(1):1331–6. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(02)08336-8

Sistema de Naciones Unidas en el Perú. Desafíos y prioridades: Política de adolescentes y jóvenes en el Perú [Internet]. Lima, Perú; 2018. Available from: https://www.unicef.org/peru/spanish/Desafios_y_prioridades_politica_de_adolescencia_y_jovenes_Peru_-_ONU.pdf

Fernández-Fuertes A, Fuertes A, Pulido R. Evaluación de la violencia en las relaciones de pareja de los adolescentes. Validación del Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory (CADRI) - versión española. Int J Clin Heal Psychol. 2006;6(2):339–58.

Wolfe DA, Scott K, Reitzel-Jaffe D, Wekerle C, Grasley C, Straatman AL. Development and validation of the conflict in adolescent dating relationships inventory. Psychol Assess [Internet]. 2001;13(2):277–93. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Christine_Wekerle/publication/327619786_Development_and_Validation_of_the_Conflict_in_Adolescent_Dating_Relationships_Inventory/links/5b99bf8b458515310583ed7f/Development-and-Validation-of-the-Conflict-in-Adolescent-Da

Pazos MP, Oliva A, Hernando Á. Violencia en relaciones de pareja de jóvenes y adolescentes. Rev Latinoam Psicol. 2014;46(3):148–59.

Villena E. Propiedades Psicométricas del Inventario de Violencia en las Relaciones de Noviazgo entre Adolescentes Estudiantes de la Provincia de Pacasmayo [Internet]. Universidad César Vallejo; 2016. Available from: http://repositorio.ucv.edu.pe/bitstream/handle/UCV/245/villena_ve.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Burgos A, Díaz R. Sexismo y violencia en las relaciones de noviazgo en adolescentes de una institución educativa pública de la ciudad de Trujillo. Universidad Privada del Norte; 2018.

Brancaglioni BC, Fonseca RM. Intimate partner violence in adolescence: an analysis of gender and generation. Rev Bras Enferm. 2016;69(5):890–8.

Rodríguez-Castro Y, Lameiras-Fernández M, Carrera-Fernández MV, Alonso-Ruido P. Violencia en las relaciones de pareja de adolescentes gallegos/as. Rev Estud e Investig en Psicol y Educ. 2017; Extr(02).

Leal F. I, Molina G. T, Luttges D C, González A. E, Gonzalez A. D. Edad de inicio sexual y asociación a variables de salud sexual y violencia en la relación de pareja en adolescentes chilenos. Rev Chil Obstet Ginecol. 2018;83(2):149–60.

Capaldi D, Kim H, Shortt J. Observed Initiation and Reciprocity of Physical Aggression in Young, At-Risk Couples. J Fam Violence. 2007;22(2):101–11.

Arostegi E, Laespada MT, Iraurgi I. Violencia en parejas adolescentes, contexto recreativo y consumo de alcohol: análisis de las representaciones ligadas al género. Educ Soc Rev d’Intervenció Socioeducativa. 2016;(63):49–59.

Johnson W, Manning W, Giordano P, Longmore M. Relationship context and intimate partner violence from adolescence to young adulthood. J Adolesc Heal. 2015;57(6):631–6.

Published
2020-03-27
How to Cite
1.
Gonzalez-Cordero C, Cervera-Flores W, Alvarado-Ríos V, Izquierdo-Príncipe A, Neyra W, Morales J. Couples violence among teenagers students from public high schools of North Lima. Rev Peru Investig Salud [Internet]. 27Mar.2020 [cited 27Sep.2020];4(2):57-4. Available from: http://revistas.unheval.edu.pe/index.php/repis/article/view/330
Section
Artículos originales